Gourdon, J., V. Bastien and L. Folliot-Lalliot (2017), “OECD taxonomy of measures affecting trade in government procurement processes”, OECD Trade Policy Papers
Please find the whole paper here: TPP Taxonomy
OECD TAXONOMY OF MEASURES AFFECTING TRADE IN GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT PROCESSES
Julien Gourdon, OECD
Veronique Bastien, OECD
Laurence Folliot-Lalliot, Professor, University Paris Ouest
This paper develops a taxonomy of government procurement (GP) measures to provide a basis for further analysis. It aims to undertake a more comprehensive, albeit not exhaustive, collection of GP barriers across countries, and to develop a classification system of GP measures to facilitate further data collection and analysis. The output is a taxonomy of different GP measures, policies and procedures which can impact cross-border public procurement.
Keywords: Government procurement, regulation, Public Good, Government Procurement Agreement (GPA), International Trade
JEL Classification: F13, K20, H41, H57, F53 Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank Laura Vasselin and Damine Cho for their crucial input, as well as Evelio Armas for his participation in the data collection. Comments and suggestions by the Working Party of the Trade Committee are gratefully acknowledged, as are those from by colleagues from UNCTAD, WTO, UNCITRAL and OECD (TSD and PSI Division in the OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate, as well as Corporate Affairs and Competition Divisions in DAF Directorate) and by experts at the Senior Expert Meetings held at OECD. All errors and omissions are the sole responsibility of the authors. The research was undertaken by the Development Division of the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate under the management of Julia Nielson who provided helpful guidance.
This paper was declassified by the Working Part of the Trade Committee on 8 February 2017.
The work draws on information on government procurement measures from a number of sources. The only internationally available cross-country data on government procurement (GP) is found in the Global Trade Alert (GTA), which provides information in real time on state measures taken in G20 countries during the current global economic downturn that are likely to discriminate against foreign commerce. The World Trade Organisation (WTO) has also compiled GP legislation for the 19 signatories (representing 47 WTO Members) of the Government Procurement Agreement (GPA). The OECD-STRI (Service Trade Restrictiveness Index) contains five types of government procurement measures which could restrain trade in services for 42 OECD and partner countries. In addition, this project aims to draw on and complement work by the OECD Public Governance directorate (GOV) to collect information on measures affecting transparency in GP procedures (OECD, 2012). UNCTAD is convening a global project on the development of a classification of non-tariff measures (NTMs), work which began in 2006. The project is supported by a Multi-Agency Support Team (MAST), of which the OECD is a member. The NTM classification includes 16 different categories and six, including GP restrictions, are currently being classified. Designated MAST members take responsibility for leading a working group of experts to elaborate the classification of a specific NTM. Given the commonalities between the OECD GP classification project and the MAST work programme and in order to avoid any duplication of effort, the OECD volunteered to chair the working group of experts on GP classification